Everglades Biographies

Ivy Julia Cromartie Stranahan

Ivy Julia Cromartie Stranahan was born in White Springs, Florida on February 24, 1881. She moved to Fort Lauderdale in 1899 to become the town's first school teacher. She married Frank Stranahan in 1900 and lived at the Indian trading post founded by her husband. Stranahan taught school in Fort Lauderdale for 17 years. She also informally taught Seminole Indian children for over 15 years. Stranahan was active in social affairs, including women's suffrage, the Audubon Society, and the establishment of the Everglades National Park. Her most noted accomplishment was the foundation of the "Friends of the Seminoles" and her role in persuading some of the Seminoles to move to the newly created reservation at Dania. Stranahan died in Fort Lauderdale on August 30, 1971.

Biography prepared by Ruthanne Vogel, University of Miami

Excerpt from 'Statement of Mrs. Frank Stranahan of Ft. Lauderdale, Fla.', Conditions of the Florida Seminoles: hearings before the Committee on Investigation of the Indian Service, House of Representatives, 1917.

"I might say that three years ago the Florida Federation of Women's Clubs took this work up and appointed me as chairman, and during those three years I have been working endeavoring to work with the Government representatives here, assisting them in every way possible
It seems to me, though, that the State of Florida, having had these Indians in their possession or on these lands, that have been given them by the United States--if they have not done anything for them for this number of years and have simply left them to go as they are, it is time that the Government was at least seeing that they fulfilled their obligation to these people that were on this land when they acquired it from the Government..."


Photograph of Ivy Stranahan

Photograph of Ivy Stranahan, 18--.

Photo courtesy of Florida State Archives, Florida Photographic Collection

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